Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Geography & Climate of Vitoria, Brazil

Vitória is one of three island capitals of Brazil and is located in the Southeastern region, the most developed of Brazil. It is about an hour by plane from Rio de Janier, Sao Paulo and Belo Horizonte. 

Vitória borders on the north with Serra, and on the south with Vila Velha, on the east with the Atlantic Ocean and on the west with Cariacica. It has a wide variety of landscape including islands, hillsides, coves, points, mangroves and beaches.  Vitoria covers and area formed by 34 islands and a portion of the continent. Its total area of 104,26 km is formed by the biggest island (Ilha de Vitória), a portion of the continent, all the coastal islands, the estuary islands and the oceanic islands of Trindade and Martim Vaz.

The city and the continent are linked across the sea by six bridges. The biggest government funded building project ever undertaken in the state was the Darcy Castelo de Mendonça Bridge, or Terceira Ponte (The Third Bridge).  Along its 3,33 km is a beautiful view of Vitoria bay, its beaches, islands, ports and also of the Convento da Penha (Penha Convent).

Geographically speaking the island is an extension of the features of the continent, a granite formation surrounded by sea and areas of mangrove and marshland. The central peak of the island of Vitoria, Morro da Fonte Grande (The Hill at the Great Spring), has an altitude of 308.8 m and the main outcrops of granite are Pedra dos (Dois) Olhos (The two-eyed stone) at 296 m and Morro de São Benedito (The Hill of São Benedito) with an altitude of 194 m.

The climate is tropical, specifically a tropical savanna climate, and humid, with an average maximum monthly temperature of 30.4°C (86.72°F) and minimum of 24°C (75.2°F), and a heavy rainy season mainly in the months of October to January.

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